COVID-19

What are the symptoms? 

People with COVID-19 have had a wide range of symptoms reported – ranging from mild symptoms to severe illness. Symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure to the virus. Symptoms can include fever or chills, cough, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, fatigue, muscle or body aches, headache, new loss of taste or smell, ore throat, congestion or runny nose, nausea or vomiting, and diarrhea. 

What causes it? 

COVID-19 is caused by infection with a new coronavirus (called SARS-CoV-2). The virus that causes COVID-19 is spreading very easily and sustainably between people. It is thought to transmit via close contact and through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks.​ COVID-19 may be spread by people who are not showing symptoms.

How is it diagnosed and prevalence? 

Two kinds of tests are available for COVID-19: tests for current infection (viral tests) and tests for past infection (antibody tests). The prevalence of COVID-19 is still evolving. As of today, there have been almost 3 million cases with over 130 000 deaths in the US alone. 

What is the individual impact?

Aside from physical symptoms experienced by patients, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic may be stressful for people. Fear and anxiety about a new disease and what could happen can be overwhelming and cause strong emotions in adults and children. Public health actions, such as social distancing, can make people feel isolated and lonely and can increase stress and anxiety. 

 

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